How to Train My Pomeranian Dog

Training a Pomeranian dog is essential for their well-being and development, and it plays a crucial role in creating a happy and harmonious household. As with any dog breed, training provides structure, discipline, and mental stimulation for Pomeranians. In this introductory section, we will explore why training is important for Pomeranian dogs and how it can benefit both the dog and their owners.

Pomeranians are known for their intelligence, energy, and spirited nature. Proper training ensures that these traits are channeled in a positive direction. Without appropriate training, they may become unruly or develop behavioral problems such as excessive barking or aggression. Training provides them with the skills they need to navigate the world around them confidently.

Additionally, a well-trained Pomeranian contributes to a happy and harmonious household. They learn to respect boundaries and follow basic commands, making them easier to manage in social situations or when guests visit. A trained Pomeranian also forms stronger bonds with their owners through clear communication and positive reinforcement.

In this article, we will delve into various aspects of training a Pomeranian dog. Starting from understanding the unique characteristics of the breed to establishing a strong foundation of basic training techniques.

We will also explore crate training, potty training strategies, socialization methods, managing common behavioral issues specific to Pomeranians, advancing obedience skills, and more. By following the tips and techniques in this article, you will be able to train your Pomeranian dog effectively while developing a lifelong bond based on trust and mutual understanding.

Understanding the Pomeranian Breed

The Pomeranian breed, known for its small size and fluffy coat, has a distinct personality and set of characteristics that require careful consideration when it comes to training. By understanding the nature of Pomeranians, their behavioral tendencies, and specific challenges associated with this breed, owners can tailor their training methods to ensure the best possible outcomes for their furry companions.

Brief history and characteristics of Pomeranians

Pomeranians were originally larger dogs used for herding livestock in the region of Pomerania, which is now part of modern-day Germany and Poland. Over time, these dogs were selectively bred to become smaller companions. Today’s Pomeranians weigh between three and seven pounds on average and are known for their lively personalities.

Despite their small stature, Pomeranians possess a big dog mentality. They are confident, intelligent, and often think they are larger than they actually are. This can result in some challenging behaviors if not properly addressed through training. Additionally, due to their history as herders, Pomeranians may have a tendency towards being vocal or bossy unless provided with consistent training and boundaries.

Behavioral tendencies and challenges specific to this breed

Pomeranians have several behavioral tendencies that owners should be aware of when it comes to training. While they are generally affectionate and loyal, they can also be prone to separation anxiety if not properly socialized or trained from an early age. Due to their protective nature, they may become overly reactive or bark excessively when faced with unfamiliar people or situations.

Another challenge specific to Pomeranians is housebreaking. These dogs have tiny bladders and may take longer than other breeds to fully grasp potty training concepts. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are key when teaching a Pomeranian where it is appropriate to relieve themselves.

The impact of size and temperamental traits on training methods

The small size of Pomeranians can have an impact on training methods. Due to their delicate frames, they may be more physically vulnerable than larger breeds, which means that certain training techniques, such as harsh corrections or physical punishments, should be avoided. Instead, positive reinforcement methods that encourage desired behaviors with rewards and praise tend to work best with Pomeranians.

Additionally, it is important to consider that Pomeranians are intelligent but can also be stubborn at times. They may test boundaries or become easily distracted during training sessions. Keeping training sessions short, engaging, and fun will help maintain their focus and make the learning process more enjoyable for both the dog and its owner.

Understanding the unique characteristics of Pomeranians is essential when it comes to their training. By being aware of their history, behavioral tendencies, and size-related challenges, owners can tailor their training methods accordingly to ensure an effective and successful training journey with their beloved Pomeranian companion.

Establishing a Strong Foundation

Basic training is crucial for setting a strong foundation for your Pomeranian. By establishing good training techniques early on, you can ensure that your Pomeranian develops the skills and behaviors necessary to be a well-behaved and obedient companion. This section will provide an overview of some essential techniques for training your Pomeranian.

Importance of Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is a highly effective training method for Pomeranians. This technique involves rewarding desirable behaviors with treats, praise, or playtime, while ignoring or redirecting unwanted behaviors. It’s important to remember that Pomeranians respond best to positive reinforcement, as they are sensitive dogs who thrive on praise and rewards.

One key aspect of positive reinforcement training is consistency. Set clear expectations and establish a routine so that your Pomeranian knows what is expected of them. Consistency also applies to timing – it’s important to reward your Pomeranian immediately after they perform the desired behavior so that they understand the cause-and-effect relationship.

Basic Commands Every Pomeranian Owner Should Teach

Teaching basic commands is essential for any dog owner and can greatly enhance the bond between you and your Pomeranian. There are several basic commands that every Pomeranian should learn:

  1. Sit: Teaching your Pomeranian to sit on command is one of the first steps in obedience training. Begin by holding a treat above their nose, then move it slowly towards their head. As their head moves up, their bottom will naturally slide down into a sitting position. Once they are sitting, give verbal praise and offer the treat.
  2. Stay: The stay command teaches your Pomeranian self-control and helps ensure their safety in various situations. Start by having your Pomeranian sit or lie down, then give the stay command while holding up one hand like a stop signal in front of their face. Gradually increase the amount of time they must stay before releasing them and rewarding them with praise and treats.
  3. Come: Teaching your Pomeranian to come when called is essential for their safety and enables you to have better control in outdoor settings. Begin by calling your Pomeranian’s name and using an excited tone of voice, then reward them with treats and praise when they come to you.

Recommended Training Tools and Equipment

Choosing the right training tools and equipment can greatly enhance your training sessions with your Pomeranian. Some recommended tools include:

  1. Treats: High-value treats, such as small pieces of cooked chicken or freeze-dried liver, can be used as rewards during training sessions to motivate your Pomeranian.
  2. Clicker: A clicker can be a useful tool for marking desired behaviors. By associating the sound of the clicker with rewards, you can communicate more clearly with your Pomeranian during training.
  3. Leash and harness: A leash and harness are essential for teaching leash manners and ensuring safety during walks.

By establishing a strong foundation through positive reinforcement techniques, basic command training, and using appropriate training tools, you can set your Pomeranian up for success in their training journey. Remember to keep training sessions short, fun, and consistent to achieve optimal results. With patience, consistency, and plenty of positive reinforcement, you’ll be well on your way to having a well-behaved Pomeranian companion.

Crate Training

Crate training is an important aspect of training for Pomeranian dogs. It provides them with a safe and secure space that they can call their own, while also aiding in house training and preventing destructive behaviors when left unsupervised. Here are the benefits of crate training for Pomeranians:

  1. Security and Comfort: Pomeranians are known to be den animals, meaning that they naturally seek out small, enclosed spaces for security and comfort. By providing them with a crate, you are giving them their own safe haven where they can retreat to whenever they feel anxious or overwhelmed. It becomes their personal sanctuary where they can relax and unwind.
  2. House Training Aid: Crate training plays a crucial role in potty training your Pomeranian. Dogs have a natural instinct not to soil their sleeping area, and by confining them to a properly sized crate, you can leverage this instinct to help them develop good toilet habits. The crate becomes their designated resting area when you cannot supervise them closely, reducing the likelihood of accidents around the house.
  3. Prevention of Destructive Behaviors: Puppies, including Pomeranians, have a tendency to chew on things when they are teething or bored. By using a crate when you cannot directly supervise your Pomeranian, you prevent them from engaging in destructive behaviors like chewing furniture or shoes. A well-furnished crate with appropriate toys and chews will keep your Pomeranian entertained and prevent household damage.
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To successfully crate train your Pomeranian, it is important to follow a step-by-step guide:

  1. Choose the Right Size Crate: Select a crate that is proportional to your dog’s size but does not provide too much room for them to eliminate on one end and sleep on the other. The crate should be just big enough for your Pomeranian to stand up, turn around, and lie down comfortably.
  2. Introduce the Crate Gradually: Associate positive experiences with the crate by placing treats, toys, or a comfortable bed inside to entice your Pomeranian to enter voluntarily. Start with short periods of time and gradually increase the duration as your Pomeranian becomes more comfortable.
  3. Establish a Routine: Create a consistent schedule for using the crate, both during the day and at night. This will help your Pomeranian understand when it’s time to rest or be confined to their crate. Be patient and understanding during the initial phases of crate training, as it may take some time for your Pomeranian to adjust.
  4. Use Positive Reinforcement: Reward your Pomeranian with treats, praise, and affection whenever they willingly enter or stay in the crate. Avoid using the crate as a form of punishment, as this may create negative associations and make the training process more difficult.

Addressing common challenges such as separation anxiety or resistance to entering the crate requires patience and consistency. It may be helpful to consult a professional dog trainer if you encounter difficulties in crate training your Pomeranian.

Potty Training

Potty training is an essential aspect of training a Pomeranian dog, as it helps achieve a clean and accident-free home environment. Understanding the Pomeranian’s potty training needs and challenges is crucial in ensuring success in this area. Developing a consistent routine and using appropriate techniques can help minimize accidents and promote good toilet habits.

Pomeranians are small-sized dogs with small bladders, which means they have limited control over their bladder and may need more frequent bathroom breaks compared to larger breeds. Additionally, Pomeranians tend to have a stubborn streak, which can sometimes make potty training more challenging. It’s important to approach potty training with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement.

Establishing a consistent routine is key to successful potty training. This includes taking your Pomeranian outside at regular intervals throughout the day, such as after meals, naps, or playtime. By doing so, you can anticipate their needs and provide them with opportunities to eliminate in the appropriate place. Using verbal cues or command words during potty breaks can also help your Pomeranian associate those words with the act of eliminating.

Accidents are bound to happen during the potty training process. However, it’s important not to punish your Pomeranian for accidents as this may create fear or confusion around toileting. Instead, focus on reinforcing positive behavior by rewarding your Pomeranian with treats or praise when they eliminate in the desired area. Consistency is key – when accidents occur indoors, immediately clean up any messes using pet-friendly cleaners that will neutralize odors.

By following these techniques for minimizing accidents and promoting good toilet habits in your Pomeranian, you can successfully achieve a clean and accident-free home environment. Remember that each dog is different and will have their own unique learning pace and challenges. With patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement, you’ll be able to effectively potty train your Pomeranian and enjoy the benefits of a clean and well-behaved furry friend.

Techniques for Potty Training SuccessTips for Minimizing Accidents
Establish a consistent routine for potty breaksImmediately clean up accidents using pet-friendly cleaners
Use verbal cues or command words during potty breaksAvoid punishing your Pomeranian for accidents
Reinforce positive behavior with treats or praiseBe patient and consistent in your training approach


The proper socialization of a Pomeranian dog is crucial for their overall well-being and development. Socialization helps build confidence and friendliness in your furry companion, ensuring they can navigate various people, animals, and environments with ease. In this section, we will explore the importance of socialization for Pomeranian dogs, discuss the benefits it provides, and provide techniques to promote a well-socialized Pomeranian.

Socialization allows Pomeranians to develop positive associations with different experiences, reducing the likelihood of fear or aggression later in life. By exposing your Pomeranian to a wide range of people, including children, strangers, and other pets, you help them learn how to interact appropriately in different social situations. This exposure also enhances their understanding of body language and communication cues from both humans and animals.

To effectively socialize your Pomeranian, it’s important to gradually introduce them to new experiences while providing positive reinforcement. Begin by exposing them to low-stress environments and slowly increase the level of difficulty as they become more comfortable. It may be helpful to enlist the assistance of friends or family members who can help simulate different scenarios during the socialization process.

If your Pomeranian displays signs of shyness or fear during social interactions, it’s essential not to force them into uncomfortable situations. Instead, use patience and positive reinforcement techniques to gradually build their confidence. Offering treats or praise when they exhibit appropriate behavior can go a long way in promoting positive associations with new experiences.

By investing time and effort into properly socializing your Pomeranian from an early age, you are setting them up for a lifetime of happy interactions with both humans and other animals. A well-socialized Pomeranian is more likely to be friendly and confident in new situations and less prone to behavioral issues that may arise from fear or anxiety.

Helps build confidence and friendliness in PomeraniansGradually expose them to new experiences
Reduces the likelihood of fear or aggression in later lifeProvide positive reinforcement and rewards for appropriate behavior during social interactions
Enhances understanding of body language and communication cuesEnlist assistance from friends or family members to simulate different social situations

Managing Behavioral Issues

Behavioral issues can arise in any dog, including Pomeranians. However, with proper training and management, these challenges can be overcome. This section will provide tips and techniques to address common behavioral issues that Pomeranian owners may encounter.

One common behavioral issue in Pomeranians is excessive barking. Pomeranians have a tendency to be vocal and may bark excessively if not properly trained. To tackle this challenge, it is essential to identify the root cause of the barking, whether it be boredom, fear, or territorial behavior. Once the cause is determined, appropriate steps can be taken to address it.

Chewing is another common issue among dogs, including Pomeranians. Providing appropriate chew toys and redirecting their chewing behavior towards those toys can help prevent destructive chewing on household items. Regular exercise and mental stimulation are also important in reducing chewing behavior.

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Separation anxiety is a prevalent issue among Pomeranians who become overly attached to their owners. To manage separation anxiety, gradually desensitizing your dog to being alone is crucial. Start by leaving them alone for short periods of time and gradually increase the duration as they become more comfortable. Creating a soothing environment with comforting items such as familiar scents or background noise can also help alleviate anxiety.

Furthermore, aggression and dominance issues may also surface in some Pomeranians. Consistent training using positive reinforcement methods can help instill good behavior and discourage aggressive tendencies. Seeking professional help from a certified dog trainer or animal behaviorist may be necessary for severe cases of aggression.

Lastly, dealing with stubbornness and quirky behaviors specific to Pomeranians requires patience and consistency in training. Positive reinforcement techniques such as using treats or praise when they display desired behaviors can help motivate them to cooperate during training sessions.

Overall, managing behavioral issues requires understanding the underlying causes behind the problematic behavior and applying appropriate training techniques accordingly. With patience, consistency, and love, Pomeranian owners can successfully tackle these challenges and enjoy a harmonious relationship with their furry companions.

Obedience Training

Once you have established a strong foundation in basic training techniques for your Pomeranian, it is time to take their skills to the next level through obedience training. Obedience training goes beyond just teaching commands; it focuses on reinforcing good behavior, promoting better control in public settings, and expanding your Pomeranian’s skills repertoire.

One of the key aspects of obedience training is building on the basic commands that your Pomeranian already knows. Start by introducing new commands gradually and ensuring that your Pomeranian has mastered each one before moving on to the next.

Some advanced commands you may want to consider teaching your Pomeranian include “stay,” “leave it,” “drop it,” and “heel.” These commands will not only enhance their obedience but also increase their safety and prevent them from getting into potentially dangerous situations.

Reinforcing obedience skills is also crucial in public settings where there may be distractions that can easily divert your Pomeranian’s attention. Practice taking your well-trained Pomeranian out for walks or visits to busy places such as parks or pet-friendly stores. Start in quieter areas and gradually expose them to more stimulating environments, praising and rewarding them for obeying commands despite distractions. This will help them stay focused on you and ensure their safety while out in public.

It is important to keep training sessions engaging and stimulating for your Pomeranian. Use positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise, and playtime as rewards for good behavior during training. Additionally, incorporating interactive toys or puzzle games into their training routine can keep them mentally stimulated and motivated to learn new skills.

Remember that consistency is key when it comes to obedience training. Set aside regular time for training sessions with your Pomeranian, keeping them short and frequent rather than long and sporadic. Be patient and persistent with your furry friend, as some dogs may take longer to grasp advanced commands. With time and practice, your Pomeranian will develop a strong obedience foundation that will strengthen your bond and make them an even more joyful companion.

Start taking your Pomeranian’s skills to the next level today by implementing obedience training techniques. By reinforcing good behavior, promoting better control in public settings, and keeping training sessions engaging, you can ensure that your Pomeranian reaches their full potential and becomes a well-behaved and obedient furry companion.


In conclusion, training your Pomeranian dog is a crucial aspect of responsible pet ownership. By investing time and effort into training, you can ensure the well-being and development of your furry friend. Throughout this article, we have explored various training considerations, techniques, and strategies specifically tailored for Pomeranians.

By understanding the breed’s history, characteristics, and temperamental traits, you can adapt your training methods to suit their needs effectively. Using positive reinforcement and teaching basic commands are fundamental aspects of building a strong foundation in training. Additionally, crate training and potty training are essential for creating a safe environment and achieving a clean home.

Socializing your Pomeranian is vital for building confidence and friendliness. Exposing them to different people, animals, and environments allows them to become well-rounded companions. It is equally important to address behavioral issues such as excessive barking or aggression using appropriate techniques.

Finally, obedience training takes your Pomeranian’s skills to the next level. By teaching advanced commands and tricks, reinforced obedience skills will ensure better control in public settings. Throughout the training process, it is essential to engage and stimulate your Pomeranian during sessions to keep them motivated.

A well-trained Pomeranian brings immense joy and companionship into your life. Not only will they be obedient but also lovable furry friends who contribute to a harmonious household. The bond between you and your trained Pomeranian will grow stronger over time as you continue on this lifelong journey of learning together.

So why wait? Start training your Pomeranian today. With the knowledge gained from this article and dedication from both you and your furry companion, you can shape them into an obedient joyous addition to your family. Remember that consistency, patience, love, and understanding are key ingredients for success in developing a well-trained Pomeranian dog. Enjoy the process as you embark on this fulfilling adventure with your loyal companion by your side.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Pomeranians easy to train?

Pomeranians are known to be smart, eager to please, and quick learners, which can make them relatively easy to train. However, it is important to keep in mind that each dog is unique and may have different temperaments and tendencies. Pomeranians thrive on positive reinforcement techniques such as rewards, praise, and treats.

Patience and consistency are key when training a Pomeranian, as they can be sensitive dogs. Consistent training sessions with clear commands and boundaries will help establish a strong foundation for their training. Early socialization is also crucial for Pomeranians to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded and well-behaved companions.

How do you discipline a Pomeranian dog?

When it comes to disciplining a Pomeranian, it is essential to focus on positive reinforcement rather than punishment-based methods. Due to their small size and sensitive nature, harsh discipline techniques can be detrimental to their overall well-being. Instead of resorting to physical punishment or yelling, redirection is a more effective approach for disciplining a Pomeranian dog.

This involves redirecting their attention away from unwanted behaviors towards more appropriate ones or providing alternative outlets for their energy. Reward-based training should go hand in hand with any disciplinary measures used in order to reinforce desired behaviors.

How do you train a Pomeranian to come when called?

Training a Pomeranian to come when called can be achieved through consistent practice using positive reinforcement techniques. Start by establishing a strong recall command like “come” or “here” that your dog readily recognizes as an invitation for them to return to you promptly. Use high-value treats or toys as rewards during training sessions when your Pomeranian successfully responds to the recall command.

Ensure that the environment is free from distractions initially and gradually introduce more challenging situations as your dog becomes proficient at coming when called. It’s important never to scold or punish your Pomeranian if they don’t respond immediately; patience and consistency will yield better results over time.

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